How South Asian Politics Fail to Manage their Water

In India and Pakistan politics fail to manage and clean water. The overall lack of cleanliness and infrastructure have led to the overall decline of water quality in those countries. The infrastructure of the water management and cleanliness leads to a lack of drinkable and usable water. These problems are affecting hundreds, if not thousands of people in those countries today, the political atmosphere of both India and Pakistan specifically need to be reworked to focus on a peoples nation not a nation full of people.

The lack of infrastructure development of political parties in these countries has taken its toll on the water cleanliness in India and Pakistan, Justin Raycraft writes about the lack of marine protected areas and how it affects the water sources in these areas. The marine conservation keeps the marine symbiosis that cleans water and makes it usable for further use by humans, the water has to be cleaned somehow and with the lack of water cleaning plants Raycraft speaks about how these MPA’s can be beneficial to the water system in Pakistan. Raycraft references the Mnazi Bay-Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park (MBREMP) and the success of that park of influencing the local water sources in a positive direction. The local ecosystem has flourished, with certain areas designated to fish the ecosystem around it has had time to regrow and develop further. This idea of environmental development, helping the quality of the water sources for these countries through political plans for ecological development. Raycrafts theories about this environmental opportunities are shown through another perspective in a paper written by Izabel Volkweis Zadinelo et. al. They support the claims of environmental cleanliness leading to better overall water supply and health for the inhabitants of that region. Zadinelo speaks on the water quality need for these places “ water pollution by effluents of aquaculture systems is probably the most common” Speaking about the water pollution further shows the negative effects the current state of India and Pakistan alike have had on their water sources. 

However the massive demand for fresh water in both India and Pakistan is not sustainable purely by environmental symbiosis. These countries need to have an infrastructure that is conducive to water safety and cleanliness. Without the infrastructure design for the cleanliness of the water a good majority of the people, especially in inner-cities will continue to suffer from the water borne diseases as they do today. As they continue to struggle through this lack of fresh water there has been research that has attempted to find a solution. An article written by Nusrat Zahra on the challenges of managing the water demand in Pakistan, the urban infrastructure there is not conducive to the water needs of the Pakistani people. She states “Pakistan is ninth among top ten countries having minimal access to clean water” , Her point here shows that Pakistan has millions of people being affected by this minimal access to clean water, that point is also supported by an article written by Marisa Villerreal. Her paper shows that not only Pakistan but India suffers from this lack of clean water stating “nearly one-half of India’s children are malnourished… local villagers ingest water that is laden with bacteria.” Her article shows that the large lack of sufficient infrastructure, which in turn has the largest public defecation numbers in the world, causes numerous diseases in these South Asian populations.